The FBI said in a statement that it “conducts extensive community outreach in the human trafficking space and encourages anyone who suspects human trafficking to report it.”
In some cases, the truckers are doing just that.
“They are making the calls that are actually saving lives,” Kendis Paris, the group’s executive director, said. She co-founded TAT with her mother and sisters in 2009, with hopes of ending modern-day slavery and seeking justice for the vulnerable and exploited.
“They’re taking a second look,” Paris, 44, said about TAT-trained truck drivers. She was recognized by The White House this year, earning the Presidential Award for Extraordinary Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons. “Sometimes they get that knock at 2 a.m. or 3 a.m. — [even though] this is their office, their truck is their office. These guys need sleep, they need to eat. That’s why they’re at the truck stop, they gotta get back on the road. But they’re taking time out of that to actually care, to actually make a call that can save a life.”
She points out drivers such as Arian Taylor, who helped a 19-year-old woman escape a sex trafficking attempt, and Kevin Kimmel, who helped save a 20-year-old who had been kidnapped and forced into prostitution. NBC News has not independently confirmed Taylor’s or Kimmel’s accounts.
And while TAT is helping to save lives, it’s also sparking systematic change, according to Paris. Since the organization was created, 12 states have either changed rules or passed legislation to include anti-trafficking training in Commercial Driver’s License schools. TAT regularly hosts coalition builds to conduct trainings with law enforcement agencies. It has partnerships with hundreds of companies, including UPS, FedEx, Amazon, and TravelCenters of America, to implement anti-trafficking education among its drivers.
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TravelCenters of America, which owns truck stops and travel centers nationwide, has been supporting the organization’s mission since 2011 and trains all of its new employees on human trafficking awareness. They even sold TAT-merchandise this month with a portion of proceeds going to TAT. And this past Thursday, UPS announced a new commitment to train every driver in the U.S., which could lead to more than 130,000 additional TAT-trained drivers.
“We cannot stand by while human trafficking robs people of their freedom, their dignity and their livelihood,” UPS President of U.S. Operations George Willis said.
And, with a free online training video, TAT shows drivers what to look for when they’re out on the road — a vehicle pulling up with multiple girls and one man behind the wheel, hearing citizens band radio chatter about commercial “company,” seeing branding like tattoos that might indicate ownership.
“What should you do in these situations? First and foremost, make the call,” Paris says in the video. “We need you, we need the person who has identified the tip to first make the call.”
Not looking the other way
It’s a call to action that seems to be working. “That curriculum is critical in advancing the anti-trafficking movement,” Caroline Diemar, director of bioreportsal Human Trafficking Hotline, said.
TAT said that, in the past decade, truckers have made more than 2,000 calls to bioreportsal Human Trafficking Hotline, helping to generate more than 600 likely cases and potentially identify more than 1,000 victims. Most of the truckers who called the hotline were trained by TAT, according to Diemar.
“We’re greatly appreciative of their vigilance and the eyes and ears that they are keeping out on the roadways and at rest stops and at truck stops and helping protect the incredible, vulnerable individuals who are being recruited by traffickers and exploited by traffickers,” Diemar said.
Once a call is made, Diemar’s team in Washington, D.C., assesses the situation and connects the caller with the appropriate resource, which could include a legal service, mental health provider, or a shelter. In situations with imminent harm or a minor, they will report the case to law enforcement.
It’s the type of bystander vigilance that didn’t exist when Bekah Charleston says she was trafficked 10 years ago. Despite being moved all over the country for a decade — through Las Vegas, California, Florida, New York City, North Carolina — and encountering many bystanders, including truck drivers, she says no one said anything or tried to help her, even when she was getting beat up in public or renting motel rooms as a 17-year-old.
“People just choose to look the other way,” she said of her experience.
That’s why she says a program like TAT is crucial in ending human trafficking. Not only because it educates truckers, who are on the road all the time, but also because their calls and reports can help build a wealth of evidence and allow victims to seek justice.
“If I could go back and there had been reports made about me across the country, then it would have been so much easier to prove interstate travel and things like that,” Charleston, 38, said. She eventually escaped trafficking thanks to a neighbor in an upper-middle class neighborhood in Denton, Texas, who called authorities about suspicious activity. She celebrated her 10th year of freedom over the summer.
“They saw something and they said something,” she said. “So I can just speak from personal experience that it’s so important for people to make these reports. You may never know what happens, but just like in my case, that’s how I was able to get out. That neighbor literally saved my life.”
‘They really care’
The concept of “See something, say something” is familiar to truckers, according to Mike Jimenez, who owns J&L Transportation. Post 9/11, for example, he says bioreports called upon truckers to report suspicious activity related to terrorism. Even today, they often see everyday violations like speeding or texting while driving.
But when it came to human trafficking, many truckers didn’t know what signs to look for, or that the issue even existed in the United States. That changed once TAT came on the scene.
“The awareness factor for my drivers has gone up tremendously,” said Jimenez, who encouraged all his drivers to get TAT-trained. “They, like I, were not aware that a lot of this was going on. So they want to try to help.”
Sprowel, who is one of his drivers, became especially invested in the issue once Jimenez brought the TAT training to his company. In addition to looking out for signs of trafficking and making calls when needed, Sprowel puts out stickers with the hotline number for victims to text, which is becoming a preferred method of communication for survivors, according to Diemar.
“It is more discreet,” Diemar said. “It allows for more flexibility and maybe even a little more anonymity than a phone call does.”
Sprowell will even bring up the issue when he wants to make small talk with other drivers at truck stops. “Nice truck,” sometimes they’ll say. And if they don’t know much about human trafficking, he passes out literature or tells them to go to TAT’s website.
“Some of them do call me an everyday hero, but I don’t consider myself an everyday hero,” Sprowel said. “I’m still doing a regular job out here.”